Nurse Author & Editor:Writing the Abstract of one’s Manuscript

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Nurse Author & Editor:Writing the Abstract of one’s Manuscript

Into the 2013 issue of Nurse Author & Editor, we discussed the importance of the title of an article september. The abstract is similarly essential: the name and abstract are usually truly the only components of a log article which are available on the internet and they are free. People trying to find appropriate magazines will scan the games and abstracts to pick documents to read through. In the event that abstract is well crafted and defines obviously this content for the paper, you are able to attract visitors to your article if they skim the abstract throughout a search for the literary works. The title and abstract are employed for indexing articles in PubMed (MEDLINE), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied wellness Literature (CINAHL), as well as other databases and also by the search engines such as for instance Bing. Whenever manuscripts are submitted for peer review, the editor may browse the abstract to spot prospective reviewers, and also the abstract could be sent to reviewers to ascertain whether they have the expertise for evaluating the manuscript.


Abstracts ought to be accurate, nonevaluative, succinct, and coherent (American Psychological Association APA 2009). The abstract should summarize this content for the paper: by reading the abstract, an understanding should be had by you of exactly just what this article is all about. The abstract also should be in keeping with the written text, ie, it must consist of only information that is presented into the text. When composing the abstract, the writer is careful to report this content associated with the paper yet not to gauge it (APA 2009). Because journals limit the length of the abstract, this will be an occasion to create concisely and prevent words that are nonessential your writing. As an example, rather than “In purchase to examine factors that influence student satisfaction, this investigation…,” you are able to convey the exact same meaning with less terms: “This research described pupil satisfaction with….” a well crafted abstract uses easy sentences therefore the active vocals (Oermann & Hays 2010) and doesn’t consist of abbreviations and sources (United states healthcare Association AMA 2007). Key term should really be incorporated into the abstract to facilitate visitors finding your paper in a search for the literary works as well as for use within indexing.

Abstracts for Research States

The abstract should include the problem, purpose statement, subjects, methods used for the study, key findings, and conclusions for research reports. The implications also may be included for some journals. Findings reported into the abstract must be the identical to when you look at the text and tables.

Abstracts for Systematic along with other Reviews

As soon as the focus for the article is just a systematic or review that is literature the abstract should inform you that the paper is an evaluation article and really should provide specific information for readers to evaluate its legitimacy and relevance. Beller et al (2013) create a list for writing abstracts for systematic reviews, that also may be used for any other kinds of review papers. The list will be based upon PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Things for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses), as well as the list and description that is full of directions for composing abstracts come in this article by Beller et al in the guide list. That article is available access for visitors to down load and employ while preparing their abstracts.

Abstracts for review documents will include these areas:

  • Background: objective associated with review;
  • Practices: eligibility requirements for picking articles to incorporate in the review, key databases searched and search times, and types of evaluating threat of bias;
  • Outcomes: type and number of studies contained in the review, topics, and relevant traits of studies;
  • Synthesis of outcomes: primary results associated with the indication and review for the results (eg, which intervention had been best);
  • Discussion: skills and limits associated with the ev >When writing an abstract for any other forms of documents, the principle that is key for the abstract to conclude this content associated with the paper. The abstract should include a statement on implications for articles about clinical practice, or other practice areas such as teaching.


Journals have their very own specs for abstracts, and writers want to check out the instructions when it comes to journal that is specific. In journals that publish research reports, organized abstracts in many cases are needed. These abstracts can sometimes include headings that are specific as Background, Purpose, Design, Setting, Subjects, Intervention (if any), Measures (instruments), outcomes, and Conclusions (with implications for training). Abstracts of an initial research report in many cases are between 150 (APA, 2009) and 300 terms (AMA, 2007). Nonetheless, journals have their very own structure and size for their abstracts, and visitors should follow those instructions.

Narrative or abstracts that are unstructured printed in paragraph kind. They are typically reduced when compared to a structured abstract, usually about 50 to 75 terms. Once more, writers have to proceed with the recommendations of this log to that the paper has been submitted.


Authors have actually their particular varieties of planning manuscripts. We compose the name and abstract that I included in the manuscript after I have completed the text with the goal of summarizing the content. That it is accurate, readable, and concise; summarizes the content of the paper; and includes key words for indexing before you submit your next manuscript: reread your abstract to confirm. Bookmark the PRISMA list for abstracts and make reference to this list whenever abstracts that are writing review papers. Keep in mind this: your title and abstract are important. These are the first components of your article that visitors see. Once the abstract is well crafted and offers a beneficial summary for the information in your article, it has the possible to obtain visitors’ desire for your paper.


  • United States Healthcare Association. (AMA) (2007). AMA manual of design: helpful information for writers and editors (10th ed). Ny, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • United States Emotional Association. (APA) (2009). Publication manual associated with the United states Psychological Association (6th ed.) Washington, DC: APA.
  • Beller, E.M., Glasziou, P.P., Altman, D.G., Hopewell, S., Bastian, H., et al. (2013). PRISMA for abstracts: reporting systematic reviews in journal and seminar abstracts. PLoS Medicine, 10(4), e1001419. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001419
  • Oermann, M.H., & Hays, J. (2010). Composing for book in medical (2nd ed). Ny, NY: Springer.

concerning the writer

Marilyn H. Oermann, PhD, RN, ANEF, FAAN, is Professor and Director of Evaluation and academic analysis, Duke University class of Nursing, Durham, new york, United States Of America. She actually is the editor of this Journal of Nursing Care Quality. During the time it was written, she ended up being the editor of Nurse Author & Editor. Her e-mail is

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Copyright 2013: The Writer. Might not be reproduced without authorization. Journal Complication Copyright 2013: John Wiley and Sons Ltd


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